Health Disparity and Equity
Health Disparity and Health Equity
What is health disparity?
A basic principle of public health is that all people have a right to health. Differences in the incidence and prevalence of health conditions and health status between groups are commonly referred to at health disparities. Nationally and locally the gap in health status between minority populations and Caucasian populations has remained unchanged and in some cases has widened. In Franklin County, disparities exist by race for a variety of community health measures, such as health status, access to health care, and some health risk behaviors.
Healthcare providers can play a significant role in the reduction of racial and ethnic health and health care disparity through the provision of quality care that is culturally and linguistically appropriate.
What is health equity?
"Health equity is achieved when every person has the opportunity to “attain his or her full health potential” and no one is “disadvantaged from achieving this potential because of social position or other socially determined circumstances.” Health inequities are reflected in differences in length of life; quality of life; rates of disease, disability, and death; severity of disease; and access to treatment." - CDC, 2015