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What You Need to Know about Mpox

What is Mpox?
Mpox is caused by a virus that spreads through close, skin-to-skin intimate contact or during sex. It also can spread through kissing and contact with sheets, towels and other objects. The mpox outbreak in central Ohio is over after no new cases have been reported since December, 2022. With our community partners, we have administered over 13,000 doses of the mpox vaccine during the outbreak. Walk-in mpox vaccines are still available at Columbus Public Health.

Symptoms of Mpox
Mpox starts with flu-like symptoms, followed by a rash or sores.
Initial symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Muscle aches and backache
  • Exhaustion
  • A rash that may be located on or near the genitals or anus, but could also be on other area like the hands, feet, chest or face. The rash can look like pimples or blisters and may be painful or itchy.

Mpox Testing
If you have symptoms of mpox, you should see a healthcare provider for testing. You should only get tested if you have a rash or sores.

How Mpox Spreads and How to Prevent it
The mpox virus typically spreads through direct contact with a rash or sores on someone else who has the virus. It can also be transmitted through contact with clothing, bedding and other items used by a person with mpox.

  • If you feel sick or have any rashes or sores, do not attend any gatherings and see a healthcare provider.
  • Avoid any rashes or sores you see on others and minimize skin-to-skin contact when possible.
  • If you think you have mpox or been exposed to someone who does, contact a healthcare provider or public health clinic immediately.