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Columbus › Departments › Public Safety › Fire Prevention Bureau FAQ's
Columbus Division of Fire
3639 Parsons Ave
Columbus, Ohio 43207
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A burn permit must be obtained from the Columbus Division of Fire any time material is to be ignited outdoors within the boundaries of the City of Columbus. This
Application for Burn Permit
must be completed in full and must be received by the Columbus Division of Fire no later than 10 business days prior to the proposed date of burning. Checks / money orders should be made payable to City of Columbus Treasurer / Fire and are the only acceptable means of payment. Failure to provide specific and accurate answers to the questions asked will result in the application being disapproved. If for any reason an application is disapproved, an inspection fee of $20.00 will be collected and all other fees will be returned. Permits are approved for the applicant only and are not transferable. Permits are valid only for the time period requested and approved by the Columbus Division of Fire. For additional information call 614.645.7641.
Note: Recreational fires do not need a permit, but are required to follow the guidelines listed below.
The Fire Prevention Bureau is located in room 148 at, 3639 Parsons Ave. Columbus, Ohio 43207. Completed permits may be picked up at this address also.
(G) Section 307 Open burning, recreational fires and portable outdoor fireplaces
(1) 307.1 General. A person shall not kindle or maintain or authorize to be kindled or maintained any open burning unless conducted and approved in accordance with paragraphs (G)(1)(a)(307.1.1) to (G)(5)( 307.5 ) of this rule.
(a) 307.1.1 Prohibited open burning. Open burning shall be prohibited when atmospheric conditions or local circumstances make such fires hazardous.
Exception: Setting a back fire for the purpose of reducing the impact of wildland fire as set forth in sections 1503.11 and 1503.22 of the Revised Code or from any prescribed burn operations authorized under division (c) of section 1503.18 of the Revised Code.
(b) 307.1.2 Ban on open burning, recreational fires, and portable outdoor fireplaces. The state fire marshal, in the sole discretion of the state fire marshal, may issue a ban on open burning, recreational fires, or the use of portable outdoor fireplaces at any time when the state fire marshal determines that atmospheric or drought or other environmental conditions necessitate such a ban. The ban may be issued state-wide or may be tailored to a specific area, region or county of the state as conditions warrant.
(i) No open burning or recreational fires shall occur and no portable outdoor fireplaces shall be used in any area where a ban is in effect or at any time during a period when the state fire marshal has issued a ban.
(ii) No permit authorizing open burning, recreational fires or the use of portable outdoor fireplaces shall be issued during any time or in any area where a ban has been issued by the state fire marshal.
Exception: A permit authorizing open burning, recreational fires, or the use of portable outdoor fireplaces may be issued for any area, if any, that is not subject to the ban.
(iii) Nothing in this paragraph shall prohibit a local fire code official with authority to do so from issuing a local ban on open burning, recreational fires, or the use of portable outdoor fireplaces at any time when conditions warrant, including during times when the state fire marshal has issued a ban as long as the local ban does not contradict the ban issued by the state fire marshal.
(2) 307.2 Permit required. A permit shall be obtained from the fire code official in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code prior to kindling a fire for recognized silvicultural or range or wildlife management practices, prevention or control of disease or pests, or a bonfire. Application for such approval shall only be presented by and permits issued to the owner of the land upon which the fire is to be kindled.
(a) 307.2.1 Authorization. Where required by state or local law or regulations, open burning shall only be permitted with prior approval from the state or local air and water quality management authority, provided that all conditions specified in the authorization are followed.
(3) 307.3 Extinguishment authority. Where open burning creates or adds to a hazardous situation, or a required permit for open burning has not been obtained, the fire code official is authorized to order the extinguishment of the open burning operation.
(4) 307.4 Location. The location for open burning shall not be less than 50 feet (15 240 mm) from any structure, and provisions shall be made to prevent the fire from spreading to within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of any structure.
1. Fires in approved containers that are not less than 15 feet (4572 mm) from a structure.
2. The minimum required distance from a structure shall be 25 feet (7620 mm) where the pile size is 3 feet (914 mm) or less in diameter and 2 feet (610 mm) or less in height.
(a) 307.4.1 Bonfires. A bonfire shall not be conducted within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of a structure or combustible material unless the fire is contained in a barbecue pit. Conditions that could cause a fire to spread within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of a structure shall be eliminated prior to ignition.
(b) 307.4.2 Recreational fires. Recreational fires shall not be conducted within 25 feet (7620 mm) of a structure or combustible material. Conditions that could cause a fire to spread within 25 feet (7620 mm) of a structure shall be eliminated prior to ignition.
(i) 307.4.2.1 Fire pits. Recreational fires conducted in gas-fired recreational pits shall not be conducted within 15 feet of a structure or combustible materials.
(c) 307.4.3 Portable outdoor fireplaces. Portable outdoor fireplaces shall be used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and shall not be operated within 15 feet (3048 mm) of a structure or combustible material.
Exception: Portable outdoor fireplaces used at one-and two-family dwellings.
(5) 307.5 Attendance. Open burning, bonfires, recreational fires and use of portable outdoor fireplaces shall be constantly attended until the fire is extinguished. A minimum of one portable fire extinguisher complying with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code with a minimum 4-A rating or other approved on-site fire-extinguishing equipment, such as dirt, sand, water barrel, garden hose or water truck, shall be available for immediate utilization.
(H) Section 308 Open flames
(1) 308.1 General. Open flame, fire and burning on all premises shall be in accordance with paragraphs (H)(1)(a)(308.1.1) to (H)(4)(a)(308.4.1) of this rule and with other applicable paragraphs of this code.
(a) 308.1.1 Where prohibited. A person shall not take or utilize an open flame or light in a structure, vessel, boat or other place where highly flammable, combustible or explosive material is utilized or stored. Lighting appliances shall be well-secured in a glass globe and wire mesh cage or a similar approved device.
(b) 308.1.2 Throwing or placing sources of ignition. A person shall not throw or place, or cause to be thrown or placed, a lighted match, cigar, cigarette, matches, or other flaming or glowing substance or object on any surface or article where it can cause an unwanted fire.
(c) 308.1.3 Torches for removing paint. A person utilizing a torch or other flame-producing device for removing paint from a structure shall provide not less than one portable fire extinguisher complying with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code and with a minimum 4-A rating, two portable fire extinguishers, each with a minimum 2-A rating, or a water hose connected to the water supply on the premises where such burning is done. The person doing the burning shall remain on the premises 1 hour after the torch or flame-producing device is utilized.
(d) 308.1.4 Open-flame cooking devices. Charcoal burners and other open-flame cooking devices shall not be operated on combustible balconies or within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction.
1. One- and two-family dwellings.
2. Where buildings, balconies and decks are protected by an automatic sprinkler system.
3. Where approved by the fire code official, charcoal burners are allowed to be operated on combustible balconies or within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction where all of the following conditions are met:
3.1 The charcoal burners are attended by an adult at all times when in operation.
3.2 Portable fire extinguishers in the type, quantity and size as approved by the fire code official are present on the combustible balconies or at the cooking site located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction. Such portable fire extinguishers shall be in an operable condition at all times and maintained in accordance with NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.
3.3 All non-structural combustible material must be removed from the combustible balconies or at the cooking site located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction.
4. LP-gas cooking devices having an LP-gas container with a water capacity not greater than 2½ pounds [nominal 1 pound ( 0.454 kg) LP-gas capacity].
(i) 308.1.4.1 Natural gas fired open-flame cooking devices. Where approved in writing by the fire code official, the installation and use of natural gas fired open flame cooking devices and/or appliances shall be permissible on combustible balconies of multi- (greater than two) family dwelling unit structures or within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction at multi-family dwelling unit structures, with the following conditions:
(a) The fire code official, in that official's discretion, may require that any person responsible for the use of a natural gas fire open flame cooking device or other appliance at a multi-family dwelling unit structure, to maintain comprehensive general liability insurance in an amount sufficient to cover any damages to persons or property that could be attributed to any fire caused by the use of an open flame cooking device.
(b) The fuel supply for the natural gas fueled open flame cooking device or appliance be from the natural gas fuel supply piping system connected to the building where the cooking is to occur. There shall be no storage tanks or cylinders located in or near the dwelling unit structure where the cooking is to occur.
(c) The gas pressure supplied to the natural gas fueled cooking appliance shall be no more than the pressure recommended by the cooking device/appliance manufacturer. In no case shall the maximum pressure supplied to the device or appliance exceed 2 pounds per square inch (psi).
(d) Portable fire extinguishers in the type, quantity and size as approved by the fire code official are present on the combustible balconies or at the cooking site located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction. Such portable fire extinguishers shall be in an operable condition at all times and maintained in accordance with NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.
(e) While the natural gas fired open flame cooking device or appliance is in use, all combustibles that are not part of the dwelling unit structure shall be kept 5 feet (1524 mm) away from the cooking device.
(f) Any and all building code requirements for the installation and use of natural gas fired grills, open flame cooking devices or appliances shall be complied with, including compliance with any permit and inspection requirements.
(e) 308.1.5 Location near combustibles. Open flames such as from candles, lanterns, kerosene heaters and gas-fired heaters shall not be located on or near decorative material or similar combustible materials.
(f) 308.1.6 Open-flame devices. Torches and other devices, machines or processes liable to start or cause fire shall not be operated or used in or upon wildfire risk areas, except by a permit in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code secured from the fire code official.
Exception: Use within inhabited premises or designated campsites that are not less than 30 feet (9144 mm) from grass-, grain-, brush- or forest-covered areas.
(i) 308.1.6.1 Signals and markers. Flame-employing devices, such as lanterns or kerosene road flares, shall not be operated or used as a signal or marker in or upon wildfire risk areas.
Exception: The proper use of fusees at the scenes of emergencies or as required by standard railroad operating procedures.
(ii) 308.1.6.2 Portable fueled open-flame devices. Portable open-flame devices fueled by flammable or combustible gases or liquids shall be enclosed or installed in such a manner as to prevent the flame from contacting combustible material.
1. LP-gas-fueled devices used for sweating pipe joints or removing paint in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-61 of the Administrative Code.
2. Cutting and welding operations in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-35 of the Administrative Code.
3. Torches or flame-producing devices in accordance with paragraph (H)(4)( 308.4 ) of this rule.
4. Candles and open-flame decorative devices in accordance with paragraph (H)(3)( 308.3 ) of this rule.
(iii) 308.1.6.3 Sky lanterns. A person shall not release or cause to be released an untethered sky lantern.
(g) 308.1.7 Religious ceremonies. When, in the opinion of the fire code official, adequate safeguards have been taken, participants in religious ceremonies are allowed to carry hand-held candles. Hand-held candles shall not be passed from one person to another while lighted.
(i) 308.1.7.1 Aisles and exits. Candles shall be prohibited in areas where occupants stand, or in an aisle or exit.
(h) 308.1.8 Flaming food and beverage preparation. The preparation of flaming foods or beverages in places of assembly and drinking or dining establishments shall be in accordance with paragraphs (H)(1)(h)(i)(308.1.8.1) to (H)(1)(h)(v)(308.1.8.5) of this rule.
(i) 308.1.8.1 Dispensing. Flammable or combustible liquids used in the preparation of flaming foods or beverages shall be dispensed from one of the following:
(a) A 1-ounce ( 29.6 ml) container.
(b) A container not exceeding 1-quart ( 946.5 ml) capacity with a controlled pouring device that will limit the flow to a 1-ounce ( 29.6 ml) serving.
(ii) 308.1.8.2 Containers not in use. Containers shall be secured to prevent spillage when not in use.
(iii) 308.1.8.3 Serving of flaming food. The serving of flaming foods or beverages shall be done in a safe manner and shall not create high flames. The pouring, ladling or spooning of liquids is restricted to a maximum height of 8 inches (203 mm) above the receiving receptacle.
(iv) 308.1.8.4 Location. Flaming foods or beverages shall be prepared only in the immediate vicinity of the table being serviced. They shall not be transported or carried while burning.
(v) 308.1.8.5 Fire protection. The person preparing the flaming foods or beverages shall have a wet cloth towel immediately available for use in smothering the flames in the event of an emergency.
(2) 308.2 Permits required. Permits shall be obtained from the fire code official in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code prior to engaging in the following activities involving open flame, fire and burning:
(a) Use of a torch or flame-producing device to remove paint from a structure.
(b) Use of open flame, fire or burning in connection with Group A or E occupancies.
(c) Use or operation of torches and other devices, machines or processes liable to start or cause fire in or upon wildfire risk areas.
(3) 308.3 Group A occupancies. Open-flame devices shall not be used in a Group A occupancy.
1. Open-flame devices are allowed to be used in the following situations, provided approved precautions are taken to prevent ignition of a combustible material or injury to occupants:
1.1 Where necessary for ceremonial or religious purposes in accordance with paragraph (H)(1)(g)(308.1.7) of this rule.
1.2 On stages and platforms as a necessary part of a performance in accordance with paragraph (H)(3)(b)(308.3.2) of this rule.
1.3 Where candles on tables are securely supported on substantial noncombustible bases and the candle flames are protected.
2. Heat-producing equipment complying with rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code and the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.
3. Gas lights are allowed to be used provided adequate precautions satisfactory to the fire code official are taken to prevent ignition of combustible materials.
(a) 308.3.1 Open-flame decorative devices. Open-flame decorative devices shall comply with all of the following restrictions:
(i) Class I and Class II liquids and LP-gas shall not be used.
(ii) Liquid- or solid-fueled lighting devices containing more than 8 ounces (237 ml) of fuel must self-extinguish and not leak fuel at a rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute ( 1.26 ml per minute) if tipped over.
(iii) The device or holder shall be constructed to prevent the spillage of liquid fuel or wax at the rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute ( 1.26 ml per minute) when the device or holder is not in an upright position.
(iv) The device or holder shall be designed so that it will return to the upright position after being tilted to an angle of 45 degrees ( 0.79 rad) from vertical.
Exception: Devices that self-extinguish if tipped over and do not spill fuel or wax at the rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute ( 1.26 ml per minute) if tipped over.
(v) The flame shall be enclosed except where openings on the side are not more than 0.375 inch ( 9.5 mm) diameter or where openings are on the top and the distance to the top is such that a piece of tissue paper placed on the top will not ignite in 10 seconds.
(vi) Chimneys shall be made of noncombustible materials and securely attached to the open-flame device.
Exception: A chimney is not required to be attached to any open-flame device that will self-extinguish if the device is tipped over.
(vii) Fuel canisters shall be safely sealed for storage.
(viii) Storage and handling of combustible liquids shall be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-57 of the Administrative Code.
(ix) Shades, where used, shall be made of noncombustible materials and securely attached to the open-flame device holder or chimney.
(x) Candelabras with flame-lighted candles shall be securely fastened in place to prevent overturning, and shall be located away from occupants using the area and away from possible contact with drapes, curtains or other combustibles.
(b) 308.3.2 Theatrical performances. Where approved in accordance with the permit requirements of rule 1301:7-7-56 of the Administrative Code, open-flame devices used in conjunction with theatrical performances are allowed to be used when adequate safety precautions have been taken in accordance with NFPA 160 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code.
(4) 308.4 Group R occupancies. Open flame, fire and burning in Group R occupancies shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (H)(1)( 308.1 ) to (H)(1)(f)(iii)(308.1.6.3) and (H)(4)(a)(308.4.1) of this rule.
(a) 308.4.1 Group R-2 dormitories. Candles, incense and similar open-flame-producing items shall not be allowed in sleeping units in Group R-2 dormitory occupancies.
You must contact the building department/Trade and Development at 614-645-7314 to obtain a maximum occupancy certificate number. After you receive your maximum capacity card and you have this posted per the building dept. requirements, you will get a annual fire inspection. If your capacity is greater than 50 or more, the fire inspector will fill out a permit application and you will receive an invoice.
Question please call 614-645-7641 ext. 75622
Yes, following the restrictions below
(ii) 807.5.2.2 Artwork in corridors. Artwork and teaching materials shall be limited on the walls of corridors to not more than 20 per cent of the wall area.
(iii) 807.5.2.3 Artwork in classrooms. Artwork and teaching materials shall be limited on walls of classrooms to not more than 50 per cent of the specific wall area to which they are attached.
1031.2 Reliability.Required exit accesses, exits or exit discharges shall be continuously maintained free from obstructions or impediments to full instant use in the case of fire or other emergency where the building area served by the means of egress is occupied. An exit or exit passageway shall not be used for any purpose that interferes with a means of egress.
Yes and No, Electric space heaters are permitted following theses guidelines.
605.10 Portable, electric space heaters. Where not prohibited by other paragraphs of this code, portable, electric space heaters shall be permitted to be used in all occupancies other than Group I-2 and in accordance with paragraphs (E)(10)(a)(605.10.1) to (E)(10)(d)(605.10.4) of this rule.
Exception: The use of portable, electric space heaters in which the heating element cannot exceed a temperature of 212°F (100° C) shall be permitted in nonsleeping staff and employee areas in Group I-2 occupancies.
(a) 605.10.1 Listed and labeled. Only listed and labeled portable, electric space heaters shall be used.
(b) 605.10.2 Power supply. Portable, electric space heaters shall be plugged directly into an approved receptacle.
(c) 605.10.3 Extension cords. Portable, electric space heaters shall not be plugged into extension cords.
(d) 605.10.4 Prohibited areas. Portable, electric space heaters shall not be operated within 3 feet (914 mm) of any combustible materials. Portable, electric space heaters shall be operated only in locations for which they are listed.
(a) 102.1.1 General applicability. Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (B)(1)(b) (102.1.2) of this rule, the construction and design provisions of this code shall apply to:
(i) Structures, facilities and conditions arising after the adoption of this code. This includes structures, facilities and conditions exempt from or not otherwise subject to Chapters 3781. or 3791. of the Revised Code.
(ii) Existing structures, facilities and conditions not legally in existence at the time of adoption of this code.
(iii) Existing structures, facilities and conditions not in strict compliance with the requirements of this code, regardless of whether such location is in substantial compliance with the applicable version of the building code listed in rule 1301:7-7-80 of the Administrative Code, where the conditions constitute a distinct hazard to life or property in the opinion of the fire code official, including existing structures subject to rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code. If a distinct hazard to life or property cannot be proven by the fire official by a preponderance of the evidence, the provisions of this code shall not apply to an existing building or condition. This includes structures, facilities and conditions exempt from or not otherwise subject to Chapters 3781. or 3791. of the Revised Code.
Yes, under certain conditions
(1) 806.1 Natural cut trees. Natural cut trees, where allowed by this paragraph, shall have the trunk bottoms cut off not less than 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) above the original cut and shall be placed in a support device complying with paragraph (F)(1)(b)(806.1.2) of this rule.
(a) 806.1.1 Restricted occupancies. Natural cut trees shall be prohibited within ambulatory care facilities and Group A, E, I-1, I-2, I-3, I-4, M, R-1, R-2 and R-4 occupancies.
1. Trees located in areas protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code shall not be prohibited in Groups A, E, M, R-1 and R-2.
2. Trees shall be allowed within dwelling units in Group R-2 occupancies.
(b) 806.1.2 Support devices. The support device that holds the tree in an upright position shall be of a type that is stable and that meets all of the following criteria:
(i) The device shall hold the tree securely and be of adequate size to avoid tipping over of the tree.
(ii) The device shall be capable of containing a minimum two-day supply of water.
(iii) The water level, when full, shall cover the tree stem not less than 2 inches (51 mm). The water level shall be maintained above the fresh cut and checked not less than once daily.
(c) 806.1.3 Dryness. The tree shall be removed from the building whenever the needles or leaves fall off readily when a tree branch is shaken or if the needles are brittle and break when bent between the thumb and index finger. The tree shall be checked daily for dryness.