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The Urban Forestry Master Plan
is a strategic and long-term investment in Columbus’ tree canopy. An
urban forest refers to all the trees within a city, across all lands (both
public and private). Why is our tree canopy important? Tree canopy
reduces the heat island effect, reduces air pollution, intercepts stormwater,
improves quality of life and so much more.
Click here to download and read the Urban Forestry Master Plan.
Want more detail on our assessment method for the Urban
Forestry Master Plan? Click here to read the Urban Forestry Master Plan
Our tree canopy is vulnerable to threats from disease, pests, the
changing climate and increased development. Columbus is expecting 1
million more residents by 2050. Efforts like the Urban Forestry Master
Plan need to happen now to ensure residents’ quality of life in the
coming decades. The Urban Forestry Master Plan is for the
entire community — both public and private landowners. It will take every
resident and business owner’s involvement to move the needle on this
What is the Urban Forestry Master Plan?
The Columbus Urban Forestry Master Plan (UFMP) is the first Citywide, strategic
plan to invest long-term in Columbus’ trees. Over the next decades, the UFMP
will guide the entire Columbus community to prioritize, preserve and grow our
What is an urban forest, and where does it
An urban forest is simply a term that refers to all trees within a city, across
all lands (both public and private). It is important to manage the entire
forest because natural systems do not distinguish between property boundaries.
In Columbus, 70 percent of our trees grow on private property, such as
residential property, businesses and industrial areas. The other 30 percent grow
on public property, such as streets and parks.
What is tree canopy? Or canopy cover?
Tree canopy refers to the part of a city that is shaded by trees. Canopy cover
is the percentage of the city that is covered by trees when viewed from above,
as opposed to other land cover like water, open green space, hard surfaces and
bare soil. In Columbus, 22
percent of the city is covered by trees.
Why does Columbus need an Urban Forestry Master
Columbus faces many challenges today and over the coming decades, and trees
are part of the solution. Trees help reduce urban stressors —
cleaning our air, providing shade, intercepting stormwater and more. The
benefits urban trees provide is valued up to five times what it costs to
maintain them. In Columbus, our trees provide $38 million in benefits each
year. However, our tree canopy is vulnerable to threats from disease, pests,
the changing climate and increased development. Also, the City is expecting to
grow by 1 million residents in the coming decades. To improve our residents’
quality of life, we needed a strategic plan to invest in our trees. To learn
more about the benefits trees provide, see Chapter 2: Trees as a Solution.
When did the process start to create the Urban
Forestry Master Plan?
A 2015 Urban Tree Canopy Assessment found that 22 percent of Columbus is
covered with trees and recommended a strategic plan to grow tree canopy. The
process to create the Urban Forestry Master Plan officially
started in October 2019.
Who was involved in creating the Urban Forestry
Hundreds of stakeholders helped create the Urban Forestry Master Plan. Industry
experts, universities, nonprofits, developers, community leaders, city staff
and leadership, regional partners, landscape architects and many others served
on two stakeholder groups: a Project Team of
about 30 members and an Advisory Group of
about 100 members. All members are listed in the Acknowledgments section of the
UFMP and on the website. These groups met periodically throughout the course of
the plan’s creation to provide input. The public was also engaged through an
online survey, an open house, small-group presentations and interviews.
How was the public involved in this plan?
We engaged residents across Columbus through five avenues: an online survey, an
open house, small-group presentations, interviews and multiple meetings of two
stakeholder groups comprised of over 100 community leaders and city staff. The
themes that emerged were used to develop the vision, goals and actions of the
Urban Forestry Master Plan. To learn more about the public input process and
what we learned, see Chapter 3: The Community Weighs In.
What is the vision of the Urban Forestry Master
To prioritize, preserve and grow the tree canopy in Columbus, equitably across neighborhoods,
to improve health and quality of life for all residents.
What are the goals of the Urban Forestry Master
The Urban Forestry Master Plan has three goals. One is long-term, and the other
two are short-term. All are critical to achieving our vision for Columbus’
- Goal 1:
Reach Citywide Tree Canopy Cover of 40 percent.
- Goal 2:
Stop the Net Canopy Losses by 2030.
- Goal 3:
Invest in Equitable Canopy Across All Neighborhoods by 2030.
Learn more about our goals in Chapter 5: Vision
and Goals for the Urban Forest.
What does equity mean when it comes to the
Trees are vital infrastructure that every neighborhood deserves. However,
historic disinvestment, land use patterns, zoning and other factors mean
that Columbus’ tree
canopy varies widely across the city. An equitable tree canopy
is mature, healthy and sustainable, and it is appropriately placed to provide
other environmental and social benefits in neighborhoods.
In order to create an equitable tree canopy in Columbus, both canopy cover and
social equity factors will be used to prioritize neighborhoods for investment.
Investment in these neighborhoods goes beyond planting trees and will also entail
collecting data on the existing urban forest, caring for and preserving mature
trees, and improving public safety by removing hazardous trees.
What are the strategies the Urban Forestry
Master Plan recommends?
To reach our goals, we will follow four strategies: community coordination and
collaboration; best practices, dedication of resources and stronger policies.
See Chapter 6: The Action Plan for more details.
When did implementation start?
The Columbus Recreation and Parks Commission and Columbus City Council voted
unanimously to support the Urban Forestry Master Plan in April 2021. With the
support of the Mayor’s Office, the implementation phase started in May
How can I learn more, and get involved in the
Urban Forestry Master Plan? Sign up for email updates about the Urban Forestry Master Plan